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直线导轨常见问题排查

永利总站/ 日期:2019-06-11 发布人:admin

  直线导轨常见问题排查

  Investigation of Common Problems of Linear Guideway
  直线导轨的精度也不尽相同,如机床行业,因其加工的工件请求精度较高,故而普通会选用H级以上的精细级直线导轨,而自动化行业普通只是需求起到传动作用,精度的请求不高,普通常用以N级(普通级)居多。直线导轨选型首先要看工作台的重量以及工作台的大小,以便计算出要用导轨的大致型号及导轨长度,有了大致的型号和长度,下一步就要确认滑块的装置尺寸,常用的滑块有法兰型和方型,而这两种方式又分普通的与加长的,假设承载较大,倡议选用加长的滑块。
  The accuracy of linear guides is also different. For example, in machine tool industry, because of the higher precision of workpiece request, fine linear guides above class H are usually chosen, while in automation industry, the demand of accuracy is not high, and N level is commonly used. The selection of linear guideway depends on the weight of the worktable and the size of the worktable first, so as to calculate the approximate type and length of the guideway to be used. With the approximate type and length, the next step is to confirm the device size of the slider. The commonly used sliders are flanged and square. These two methods are divided into ordinary and lengthened ones. Assuming that the load is large, it is advisable to choose the lengthened slider. 。
  直线导轨假如生锈怎样处理又如何防锈
  How to deal with and prevent the rust of linear guideway if it is rusty
  直线导轨、直线轴作为设备的中心部件之一,它的功用是起导向和支承作用。为了保证机器有较高的加工精度,请求其导轨、直线具有较高的导向精度和良好的运动平稳性。
  As one of the central parts of the equipment, the linear guideway and the linear axis play a guiding and supporting role. In order to ensure that the machine has a higher processing accuracy, it is requested that the guide rail and straight line have a higher guiding accuracy and good motion smoothness.
  设备在运转过程中,由于被加工件在加工中会产生大量的腐蚀性粉尘和烟雾,基这些烟雾和粉尘长期大量堆积于导轨、直线轴外表,对设备的加工精度有很大影响,
  During the operation of the equipment, due to the large amount of corrosive dust and smoke produced by the processed parts in the processing, the smoke and dust accumulated on the surface of the guide rail and straight axis for a long time, which has a great impact on the processing accuracy of the equipment.
  并且会在导轨直线轴外表构成蚀点,缩短设备运用寿命。为了让机器正常稳定工作,确保产品的加工质量,要认真做好导轨、直线轴的日常维护。
  And it will form corrosion spots on the outer surface of the straight axis of the guide rail, thus shortening the service life of the equipment. In order to make the machine work normally and steadily, and to ensure the quality of the products, it is necessary to do a good job in daily maintenance of the guide rail and straight axis.
  清洁导轨请准备——干棉布、光滑油。例如:雕琢机的导轨分为直线导轨、滚轮导轨。直线导轨的清洁:首先把激光头挪动到较右侧(或左侧),找到直线导轨,
  Clean the guide way, please prepare - dry cotton cloth, smooth oil. For example, the guide rail of the carving machine is divided into linear guide rail and roller guide rail. Cleaning of linear guideway: First, move the laser head to the right (or left) side to find the linear guideway.
                           导轨丝杠
  用干棉布擦拭直到光亮无尘,再加上少许光滑油(可采用缝纫机油,切勿运用机油),将激光头左右渐渐推进几次,让光滑油平均散布即可。
  Wipe the laser head with dry cotton cloth until it is bright and dustless, and add a little smooth oil (sewing oil can be used, do not use oil). Push the laser head around several times, so that the smooth oil can be spread evenly.
  直线导轨的清洁:把横梁挪动到内侧,翻开机器两侧端盖,找到导轨,用干棉布把两侧导轨与滚轮接触的中央擦拭洁净,再挪动横梁,把剩余中央清洁洁净。
  Cleaning of linear guideway: Move the crossbeam to the inside, open the end caps on both sides of the machine, find the guideway, wipe the center of the contact between the two side guideways and the roller with dry cotton cloth, then move the crossbeam, and clean the remaining center.
  那该如何防锈呢,
  How to prevent rust?
  直线导轨之所以会呈现生锈的现象,主要还是由于大家对其的理解不够,正常直线导轨在出厂之前,都需求对其外表停止防锈油的擦拭,
  The main reason for the rusting of linear guides is that we don't understand them well enough. Normal linear guides need to stop wiping the rust-proof oil before they leave the factory.
  但是,在运用一段时间之后,其还是会呈现比拟严重的生锈现象。
  However, after a period of time, it will show a serious rusting phenomenon.
  大家在完毕直线导轨的运用后,还需求再次的在其外表涂抹防锈油,这点关于防锈来说是十分重要的,固然在出厂的时分应涂抹过,在运用的过程中,
  After we have finished the application of linear guideway, we need to apply anti-rust oil on its surface again. This is very important for anti-rust. Of course, it should be smeared when it is out of the factory. In the process of operation,
  肯定会由于时间的推移而呈现蒸发,呈现生锈是必然的。
  It will evaporate as time goes by, and rust is inevitable.
  在对直线导轨涂抹防锈油之后,应该将其放置在常温的仓库中,并不能够和腐蚀性的物体混和放置,也不可以将暂时不运用的直线导轨,
  After applying rust-proof oil to the linear guideway, it should be placed in the warehouse at room temperature. It can not be mixed with corrosive objects, nor can it be temporarily unused linear guideway.
  直接的寄存在仓库的空中上,由于空中会加快防锈油的蒸发,所以这点需求大家在运用的时分多加留意。
  Direct storage in the air warehouse, as the air will speed up the evaporation of rust-proof oil, so we need to pay more attention to this point in the use of time.
  如何提早发现直线导轨在运用中的问题
  How to discover the problems of linear guideway in operation in advance
  直线导轨可以按照给定的方向来做往复直线运动,假如按照其抵触性质而定,那么可以分为滑动抵触导轨、滚动抵触导轨、弹性抵触导轨等等。
  Linear guideways can move in a given direction in a reciprocating straight line. If they are determined by the nature of their collision, they can be divided into sliding collision guideways, rolling collision guideways, elastic collision guideways and so on.
  通常在运转中会呈现不良的云状状况。
  Usually there are bad clouds in operation.
  特别是一些国产的导轨间隙比拟大,导轨就会向侧边摆动,这样滑块之间就会构成不良的噪音,因此,技术人员必需要对直线导轨轴承的“缺点信号”
  Especially when the gap of some domestic guideways is comparatively large, the guideways will swing to the side, so that bad noise will be formed between the sliders. Therefore, technicians must have the "defective signal" of linear guideway bearings.
  坚持高度警觉,较好可以应用听觉辨识得出来。
  Stick to a high level of alertness, it is best to use auditory recognition.
  跟着直线导轨市场的需求量不时添加,国内呈现了众多的高级产品,其需求量也在不时上升,在运转过程中需求防止直线导轨发作缺点,但是,
  With the increasing demand of the linear guide market, many high-grade products have appeared in China, and their demand is rising from time to time. In the process of operation, the demand prevents the shortcomings of the linear guide.
  需求定时对直线导轨停止防止锈蚀的作业,并涂以优质矿物油后再停止操作
  Stop rust-proof operation on straight-line guide at regular intervals and apply high-quality mineral oil before stopping operation.
  直线导轨如何防尘
  How to Prevent Dust on Linear Guideway
  一,专用伸缩防尘罩
  1. Special telescopic dust cover
  在运用环境恶劣的场所,有些型号备有专用软式伸缩防尘罩和专用防尘盖。细致内容和密封垫片标志的有关阐明,请参照各种产品的相应任选配件(防尘)项目。
  In places with harsh operation environment, some models are equipped with special flexible dust-proof cover and special dust-proof cover. Please refer to the relevant optional parts (dust-proof) items of various products for detailed content and explanation of seal gasket marks.
  另外,当需求在易于遭受切削屑和切削液喷溅影响的环境中运用时,倡议运用软式圆形伸缩罩来维护整个系统,或运用大型伸缩防尘罩
  In addition, when the demand is applied in an environment prone to cutting chip and cutting fluid splashing, it is advisable to use soft circular telescopic cover to maintain the whole system, or to use large telescopic dust cover.
  二,直线运动系统的专用密封垫片
  2. Special Sealing Gasket for Linear Motion System
  为进步防尘才能,在各直线导轨系统中备有高耐磨损性的特殊合成橡胶制造的密封垫片,以及(层叠式接触刮板等)和清洁环等配件。
  In order to improve dust-proof ability, special synthetic rubber gaskets with high wear resistance, as well as (cascade contact scrapers, etc.) and cleaning rings are equipped in the linear guide system.

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